16 Stunning Aglaonema Varieties | Types of Chinese Evergreen

The Chinese evergreen is a colourful and luxurious perennial. With more than 50 unique Aglaonema varieties to choose from, the combinations, with which to create that indoor “wow factor”, are endless.

I’ve found the 16 gorgeous cultivars below to be the easiest to care for. While offering houseplant novices and connoisseurs stunning variegation, lush growth and practical air-purifying qualities.

If you’re a fan of Feng Shui, you may be pleased to know that these symbols of good luck have been used in this practice for centuries.

Many of these cultivars have been expertly bred for colour vibrancy, a tolerance for low light (the greener the leaves, the less light they need) and increased resistance to pests and disease.

Aglaonema Varieties

Some of these beauties will also produce flowers (similar to Peace Lilies), and typically bud in optimal conditions.

A word of caution, though. Aglaonemas contain calcium oxalate crystals which can cause severe illness if ingested. It’s best to keep these alluring plants away from small children and pets.

Aglaonema Abidjan - Stunning Aglaonema Varieties

Aglaonema Abidjan

The Abidjan may look familiar because it closely resembles more common Aglaonema varieties, like the Silver Queen or King.

What identifies this rare cultivar is the higher percentage of green vs silver, per leaf, and its mature size of 40” tall and wide.

You’ll find this Aglaonema very accommodating in low-light spaces. While drought-tolerant, the Abidjan should only be watered when the soil is 50% dry. A light, airy soil mix is recommended to allow for proper drainage.

Symptoms of overwatering are common. Proper drainage and infrequent watering will help prevent yellowing leaves and pest infestations.

Aglaonema Black Lance

Aglaonema Black Lance

The Black Lance has an unrivalled appearance. Slender, lanceolate leaves gleam with a silver opalescence that’s enveloped by a contrasting shade of green.

This brilliant collage can reach 4ft in height, provided that it grows in loamy, nutrient-rich soil and a warm location, above 60°F/16°C.

This can tolerate low light, but may get “leggy”. Conversely, intense light can cause leaf burn. Bushy growth results from bright, filtered sunlight or artificial lighting. 

To prevent root rot, let the soil dry out, 50-75%. Then, water thoroughly and allow it to fully drain.

Aglaonema Chocolate

Aglaonema Chocolate

The magic of this Aglaonema variety lies not in variegation, but in fabulous colouration. Bright green leaves, with creamy veining, reveal undersides in delicious shades of chocolate brown, with hints of cherry.

While fairly tolerant of low light, leaves will be larger and colour more defined in bright, diffused light and temperatures above 65°(18°C).

The Chocolate Aglaonema matures to 12” tall. In optimal conditions, a small, white spadix may appear, protected by a creamy white hood.

To protect against water damage, water when the soil is dry down 2”, while ensuring sufficient drainage.

Aglaonema Diamond Bay

Aglaonema Diamond Bay

If you’re new to Aglaonema, this is a great one to start with. The hardy Diamond Bay presents beautifully variegated leaves that grow 5” wide and 12” long, on a plant that can reach 3ft tall and wide.

Rich, green leaves, with prominent veining, seem to burst open with brilliant, diamond-white light. Fewer chlorophyll cells mean a need for bright, filtered light, which will be rewarded with small, pastel-green flowers.

Preferring more soil moisture than other varieties, water when the soil is dry down 1”. Allow for proper drainage to prevent root rot and pest infestations.

Aglaonema Etta Rose

Aglaonema Etta Rose

Random patterns of green, Fuschia, baby pink and white decorate the Etta Rose. Bringing a pop of colour, 3ft tall and wide, into your home.

This variety will still thrive in low or artificial light. But, variegation will become greener, as chlorophyll cells multiply to capture more light. Colour will be more abundant in bright, diffused light and ambient temperatures above 65°F (18°C).

Deep, infrequent watering will give your Etta Rose sufficient hydration while avoiding overwatering. Yellowing or browning leaves will be your cue that watering needs to be adjusted.

Aglaonema Favonian

Aglaonema Favonian

Another pink beauty is the Favonian, with variegation that includes one of the darkest greens of the bunch.

On a mature plant (, 24” tall), Broad, pink leaves are speckled and edged with a bright green that deepens to almost black as they age.

With a tolerance for low light, the Favonian will become greener and continue thriving. This luminous pink, though, will be encouraged by bright, filtered light.

Allow your Favonian to dry out to 40% in summer and 70% in winter. Then, water thoroughly and allow it to drain. A loose, sandy soil will promote sufficient drainage.

Aglaonema Gemini

Aglaonema Gemini

This beautiful cultivar presents mirrored variegation. Each half of these bright green leaves, with sweeping strokes of chartreuse, seem to mirror the other.

In indirect sunlight, the Gemini can reach 4ft tall by 3ft wide and may even offer up a small, white spadix with a creamy white hood.

A soil mix with wood chips and perlite will provide just enough moisture retention and drainage to keep your Gemini thriving.

Mealybugs are the most common pest seen on this cultivar and are attracted to high levels of nitrogen. Fertilize Aglaonema plants sparingly and only when necessary.

Aglaonema Lady Valentine

Aglaonema Lady Valentine

Imagine receiving this lovely plant, with subtle hints of light and dark green that cause each blush pink leaf to pop. In lesser light, green chlorophyll cells multiply, creating equally dazzling variegation.

Bright, diffused light maintains vibrant colour while increasing this plant’s growth rate. However, direct sunlight will cause leaves to burn.

Weekly watering (bi-weekly in winter) will keep the roots moist without risking root rot or leaf drop and promote a mature size of 18-24” tall and wide.

Heavy, compacted soil will inhibit proper water drainage, though. A loose, loamy soil with vermiculite is best.

Aglaonema Modestum

Aglaonema Modestum

Soft, elegant variegation on this Modestum cultivar shines like silvery-sage moonlight.

Thick, ringed stalks, with hints of orange, elevate a rounded crown of spear-shaped leaves. Refined arcs of alternating light and dark green give this Aglaonema character and dimension, as it matures to 3ft wide by 4ft tall. 

Soft, bright light and ambient temperatures above 65°F (18°C) will increase variegation clarity as well the Modestum’s growth rate.

Water only when the soil is dry down 2” (with a 6-8” pot) and use a nutrient-rich potting with coco coir chips and perlite to encourage proper drainage and prevent root rot.

Aglaonema Nitidum

Aglaonema Nitidum

Silver-white leaves edged and parted with a vibrant green, give this Silver Queen its distinct look. Maturing overall to 3ft tall and wide, each leaf can potentially reach 8” long.

Bright, filtered sunlight will encourage pronounced silver variegation. But, this plant can also thrive in low or artificial light. Albeit, at a slower pace and with only thin, silver lines on green leaves.

Allow the soil to dry out by 25% before a deep watering. This will roughly equate to weekly water, tapering off to bi-weekly in winter.

A chunky, well-aerated soil will provide sufficient drainage to prevent overwatering.

Aglaonema Pink Moon

Aglaonema Pink Moon

While impressively tolerant of low light conditions, bright diffused sunlight will reveal hints of pastel yellow on the Pink Moon, like specks of starlight. Warm pink leaf veining offers a stunning contrast to leathery, dark green leaves.

Drought tolerance will be another impressive feature of this cultivar, as it matures to 2-3ft tall and wide.

Water only 50% of soil is dry and allow it to adequately drain. Loose, gritty soil will support drainage and healthy moisture and nutrient absorption.

These simple care tips will protect against common leaf yellowing and pest infestations.

Aglaonema Pictum Tricolor

Aglaonema Pictum Tricolor

With the most unusual variegation patterns, the Pictum presents leaf patterns that mimic camouflage material as it rises to 2ft tall. 

Relatively low light can still support healthy growth with dark and light green, speckled variegation. However, bright or steady artificial light will bring out white, and sometimes grey, colouration. 

Overwatering and underwatering can be problematic, if not fatal. Water your Pictum well and only when the soil surface feels dry. This tends to occur more frequently in warmer months.

A free-draining soil with perlite or vermiculite will also support balanced drainage and moisture retention.

Aglaonema Red Sumatra

Aglaonema Red Sumatra

With the darkest green leaves on this list, the Red Sumatra will infuse any room in your home with its tranquil, tropical energy.

Bright pink veining and splashes of yellow create a calm balance of light and dark as this matures to 4ft tall.

The Red Sumatra will thrive in low or artificial light, with colour variations becoming clear, as light increases. Provided that temperatures remain above 70°F (21°C).

Plant your Sumatra in loose, loamy soil and water well, until it drains freely. Repeat every 7-10 days or when the top 50% of the soil is dry.

Aglaonema Siam Aurora

Aglaonema Siam Aurora

The colour combination on the Siam Aurora is elegance at its finest. Leathery green leaves are edged and veined with a rich red, which often spreads across the leaf in bright, filtered light and temperatures above 65°F (18°C).

This stunning plant will reach 3ft tall with an equal spread when planted in nutrient-rich, airy soil and watered deeply and infrequently. 

This plant prefers to dry out a bit. Watering when the soil is dry down roughly 2” (depending on pot size), every 7-10 days, will accommodate this while maintaining adequate hydration and preventing root rot.

Aglaonema Spring Snow

Aglaonema Spring Snow

Despite its beautifully snowy appearance, this Aglaonema prefers warm environments above 65°F (18°C) and roughly 50% humidity. Which may mean occasional spritzing of its delicate leaves.

Each brilliant white leaf is lined and speckled with high concentrations of green chlorophyll cells. In order to maintain this variegation, bright, diffused light is required.

Sufficient light, airy, well-draining potting soil and an effective, yet easy, watering schedule will see this plant reach 2-3ft tall and wide.

The top 50% of the soil should be allowed to dry before thoroughly watering. Allowing excess water to completely drain each time.

Aglaonema Tigress

Aglaonema Tigress

Elongated leaves, with variegation that resembles tiger stripes, give this plant a lush and exotic appearance, as it matures to 3ft tall and wide.

In ideal conditions, this cultivar will release a single, white spadix with a pastel green spathe. To promote this and a faster growth rate, place your Tigress in light bright enough to fuel healthy growth, yet filtered enough to protect it from scorching.

In warmer months, water weekly and every 10-14 days, in winter. Allowing the soil to dry 25-50% in between each application. A well-draining potting mix will promote sufficient drainage for root protection.

Final Thoughts On Aglaonema Varieties

By now, there should be no doubt that Chinese evergreens are some of the most beautiful and colourful houseplants around. Considering what each of these varieties offers you in return, their care needs are surprisingly easy.

  • Water them deeply, yet infrequently, and allow them to fully drain
  • Provide enough sunlight and warmth to support healthy growth and colour (Remember: the more green the leaves, the less light they need)
  • Plant them in loose, well-draining soil
  • Keep an eye out for mealy bugs and yellowing leaves
  • Keep them away from small children and pets
  • Propagate by root division once they become pot-bound

By following these simple care guidelines, you’ll be enjoying your Chinese evergreens for years to come.

Different Types Of Aglaonema FAQ

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Ben's horticultural interest grew when graduating from Hertfordshire University in 1997. Having contributed to numerous publications including Better Homes & Gardens, Garden Design Magazine, and The English Garden. He is also the author of Propagating Houseplants Made Easy.